The sixth doctoral thesis (2017) is entitled Soledat, social support and participation of great people from a health perspective. For whose motive is this topic interesting? I will be a researcher in Germany for some years and I will do a postgraduate degree in Medicine in Envelliment in Suïssa. One day one of the teachers is going to give a presentation in which photos and phrases from a study on loneliness are shown. It’s going to rock a lot, it’s going to move and it’s going to resonate more than any other theme linked to the envelliment that you do treballat fins aleshores. Des de llavors, I was going to dedicate myself to this topic. Not only the loneliness interests me, but also the social support and with això ens helps to alleviate this loneliness and the participation in many significant activities, which is complementary and fan synergies with the support that others and with això ens have It helps to alleviate loneliness. What exactly do we understand by “soledat not desitjada”? Primer de tot cal fer una precisió. The concept of “solitude not desitjada” ens l’hem inventat aquí. In English hi ha el terme de loneliness, sense cap adjectiu que l’acompanyi. And no talk of volguda and not volguda or of desitjada and not desitjada. It is about a feeling of discomfort linked to the fact of having children that you would like because of the quality and quantity of social relationships. There is a discrepancy between the one that you would like to hear about these relationships and the one that reps. I d’entrada is independent of the one who is really passing. Viure sol i estar bé no és soledat. Another aspect is the social aïllament, the fet that objectively has very few relations to your voltant and that does not necessarily have to accompany this sentiment of loneliness. Most of the experts assure that there are no precise data per conèixer de What are they talking about who are lonely in the great people, especially the non-desitjada. Who is the existing deficit regarding information and how it is pot to grow in this aspect? All that fa anys that researchers are interested in loneliness, are relatively few anys that society and administrations have placed the focus on. Many inquests that are true about the health of the population or living conditions do not include this question. What happens is that it is a tract of a perception and of an aspect of subjective life and that, moreover, it is possible to ask in many ways. Now we can find statistics of all types: some say that one in three people sit alone; d’altres, that one of each deu; d’altres, that you give them more than the men or the reverse; d’altres que els joves más que la gente grande… I això passa porquè ho estem asking de maneres diferentes. Fins i tot there are cases in which the paraula soledat is not used because it is diu that is stigmatized. Això does not help to ask the person directly if she felt alone and cal resort to indirect formulas to open-ho. In short, there has been a whole series of methodological reptes at the time of evaluation. You have had the opportunity to talk to great people who feel alone and who are willing to talk freely. How is this undestroyed loneliness manifested? Apart from the global definition that I have commented on, when I speak to both people that there is a great diversity of ways of feeling sun. There are people who attribute it to specific situations, such as the fet of changing the city or life, to physical limitations related to envelopment, to economic hardships for which passes… A condition of loneliness can also be the fet que estiguis sol i de cop i volta se t’instal·li la familia porquè no pueden apay el su pis y hagis perdut el teu espai i la teva llibertat. In short, there are various manifestations of loneliness. In the scientific literature, three types have been fixed: social loneliness, which will cause a lack of people in your environment that et coneguin i that t’integrin; the emotional loneliness, which you see with the lack of support from an intimate person, of great confidence, to whom you can explain what is happening; and the existential loneliness, that tea more to see amb adonar-se that they are alone to the world, that they arrive and die alone and that is more linked to the end of life. I cadascú pot have a combination of these solitudes or cap. In what way has the pandemic affected? He has who affirms that there are very intense loneliness, but also a lot of solidarity and awareness on the part of society? Just before the pandemic, we have begun to be força conscientious about this issue. Parlàvem de l’epidemic de la loneliness and later the covid will arrive. For a while, we are all focused on the virus, and now the issue has turned around. Viure sol in the context of confinement has been very long. The pandemic has returned to put on the agenda a topic that we have identified as fans and that they have addressed.They have sorted many new statistics and they are very important in the fet that not only great people sit on their own. They are not on the viure cliffs under the sun from a health point of view. Who are they exactly? They need a lot of other information, apart from the fet de viure sol: the socioeconomic and educational level, the living conditions, the family that the person has, the limitations for what they do in daily life… Avui We have a lot of days to control these crags. It has been studied that feeling the sun leads to a greater cognitive deterioration, which tea to see with the fet of having few relationships, few conversations and few inputs of information. Viure sol will also try to identify aspects that affect that person, whether they have a cognitive deterioration, a pitfall or a hemorrhage. If you have a person who is worried about you and what you see, it will be easier to detect any symptoms of mental or physical malaise. There is also a very interesting topic, and it is that when we are alone, when we do not have any more to cook, mengem more badly. Això is veu molt in great people, especially women, who have been cuinante for the family all their lives and they found great àpats and that when there are soles left they begin to eat menys and more badly. The others in many help to take care of us, so when you are your sun you have to have a high awareness of self-healing. Also, loneliness has ligat to more mortality and risk of suicide… Now it is a big talk of suicide in the young and adolescents. En les persones grans tambié hi ha aquest risc. No s’ha fet gaire èmfasi en la suïcidi en la gent gran i es tracta d’un risc evident, especially in the case of sentiment de loneliness. Of fet, loneliness increases mortality for any reason. Furthermore, in viure sol there is the risk of dying sol. In these cases, the most dramatic is that no one has to be missing for days and days… There are various programs promoted by the administration or entities such as the Fundació d’Amics de la Gent Gran or the Red Cross per fer front to the loneliness not desitjada. What do they look like? Are they good instruments for detecting and intervening? There are many strategies described and useful for addressing loneliness, and all are very welcome. But hauríem d’anar understands what each person needs. There are group interventions, psychological support, accompaniment from volunteers, interventions that encourage more activities in the environment, we could also reinforce the personal relationships of the people, which is something that they do not have many… There are many strategies i face not in knowing prou to donate to cadascú the one that needs and not be so conditioned by the town where you are going to stop and the one that is ofereix. Tot i that the sensation is that it is a fan of many things and that fins i all are encavalque; Surely they do not have more resources and are more adapted to each situation and to the needs and will of each person. There are sociolegs like Zygmunt Bauman who are not very optimistic and associate this problem with the loss of communitarianism. How do I see the future? How it succeeds with other social phenomena, with more parlem of loneliness it is also easier for people to recognize it. The positive version is that each time we are more prepared to face loneliness. The refusal is the one you give, that I will give up so much technology and so much social culture that has the design of completing a buit. In the end, I think that what we will return to is relationships and personal contact. Today we have seen the start of the pandemic: after so much telematic communication they are appreciative of the great trobar-nos, see’ns and being able to touch us.